What is phonics?
Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.
Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read.
Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.
Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch.
Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”.
(National Literacy Trust)
Please see below for some useful information and documents regarding the teaching of phonics.
2. Teach/ Learn
•These actions are purely for reading the sound
What are “Decodable words”?
What are “Tricky words”?
Tricky Words or Common Exception Words are words that cannot be ‘sounded-out’ but need to be learned by heart. Each phonic phase within our progression, has tricky words which the children are taught. They don’t fit into the usual spelling patterns and in order to read simple sentences, it is necessary for children to know some words that have unusual or untaught spellings. We constantly revisit these words in order to ensure they become part of children's 'sight vocabulary'.